Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) Explained
- What is an Electrical Installation Condition Report and what to expect on the day of the EICR visit?
- What does an EICR contain?
- What is the difference between an EICR and a PAT certificate?
- What is the difference between a full electrical inspection and a visual electrical inspection?
- Are EICRs legally required?
- How long are Electrical Installation Condition Reports valid for?
- What is Part P?
- Why choose Pyramid Solution for your Electrical Installation Condition Report?
All electrical installations become damaged and worn through wear and tear in time which is why they should be inspected and tested at regular intervals to check whether they are in a satisfactory condition for continued use. Such safety checks are commonly referred to as ‘periodic inspection and testing’.
The condition of the electrics is checked against the UK standard for the safety of electrical installations: BS 7671 – Requirements for Electrical Installations (IET Wiring Regulations) by an approved electrical contractor such as Pyramid Solution South East.
Once the inspection is completed the customer will be issued with an electronic Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR).
What is an Electrical Installation Condition Report and what to expect on the day of the EICR visit?
An electrical testing of an existing installation, which was formerly known as a Periodic Inspection Report (PIR) has been changed to Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) due to the new 17th Edition BS 7671: 2008 incorporating Amendment 3:2015.
An EICR is a detailed electrical inspection of a property’s electrical installation where an in-depth report detailing any necessary remedial work is produced. Any part of an installation that has become obviously defective between tests is de-energised until the fault can be fixed.
The inspection includes the below checks:
• if earthing and bonding is adequate
• whether sockets, switches, light fittings and controls are suitable, serviceable, and protected, and replacement will be recommended if necessary
• of the wiring system and its condition
• if adequate identification and notices are available
• of the extent of any wear and tear, damage or other deterioration
• whether there are any changes in the use of the premises which have led to, or may lead to, unsafe conditions
On the day of the visit the electrical engineer will require:
• full access to the fuse board and all sockets and switches
• removal of any obstructions prior to the test
• pay-as-you-go meters to have enough credit in order for the engineer to conduct the test
• the fuse board to be marked up and all relevant circuits to be identified correctly in order for the engineer to carry out the electrical inspection
• any specific requirements such as tall ladders, etc. must be communicated to the Bookings team prior to the visit
• all sensitive equipment to be unplugged prior to the test
• any damaged fixed fittings such as broken light switches, cracked sockets etc. to be identified prior to the test and the engineer to be made aware of them at the start of the visit
Please also be aware that for most of the inspection the power will be switched OFF.
What does an EICR contain?
An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) details any observed damage, deterioration, defects, dangerous conditions and any non-compliances with the present-day safety standard that might give rise to danger.
If anything dangerous or potentially dangerous is found, the overall condition of the electrical installation will be declared to be ‘unsatisfactory’, meaning that remedial action is required without delay to remove the risks to those in the premises.
Tests are also carried out on wiring and fixed electrical equipment to check that they are safe. A schedule of circuits is also provided, which is invaluable for a property.
What is the difference between an EICR and a PAT certificate?
A periodic electrical inspection checks the ‘fixed’ installation, for instance the wiring, switches and earth bonding, whereas a PAT testing checks electrical appliances that are portable, for instance fridges, washing machines, kettles, toasters, fans, etc.
What is the difference between a full electrical inspection and a visual electrical inspection?
Visual electrical inspections are supplementary to a full Electrical Installation Condition Report. Visual electrical inspections cannot be treated as a replacement for an EICR.
These general checks are designed to provide an appropriate home safety framework under most circumstances. However, if your tenants are vulnerable, elderly or have a disability, special consideration should be given to determine whether additional checks may be required.
Are EICRs legally required?
Yes. It is mandatory for landlords to have this report when letting through any Housing Association or a Council.
Under the terms of The Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 landlords, or agents acting on their behalf, are responsible for tenants’ electrical safety throughout their tenure. This is why it is important for all properties to be checked to ensure that all appliances are working correctly and safe to use. It is a criminal offence, with a maximum penalty of £5000 and six months imprisonment if a landlord fails to comply with the Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 or the Consumer Protection Act 1987.
How long are Electrical Installation Condition Reports valid for?
For tenanted properties a report on domestic properties is required to be undertaken every 5 years or at every tenancy change, whichever comes first. The EICR is essential to ensure the electrical safety of your property and of your tenants.
Industry guidance recommends this should not exceed ten years for an owner-occupied home.
It is recommended that periodic inspection and testing is carried out at lease every 5 years for a business.
What is Part P?
Part P forms part of the Building Regulations ensuring consistent standards in electrical work. The principle of the Building Regulations is to ensure that consistent standards are applied to the construction of buildings including their structure, sound insulation, fire safety, drainage, ventilation and electrical safety.
In short, the Part P requirement is that electrical installations must be safe! Part P of the Building Regulations applies to fixed electrical installations in dwellings (including gardens and shared amenities in blocks of flats, and any building that shares its electricity supply with a dwelling).
Many of the typical jobs undertaken by electrical contractors are affected by Part P. Under Part P the customer must ensure that such works are notified to and inspected by building control bodies.
A straightforward way of meeting the requirements is to use a contractor such as Pyramid Solution who is registered with a competent person scheme.
Why choose Pyramid Solution for your Electrical Installation Condition Report?
You should have your electrical installation inspected and tested by a person who has the competence to do so, such as an approved contractor from one of the main accreditation bodies, including NICEIC, NAPIT, ECA and SELECT.
Being an Approved Contractor and Domestic Installer registered by NICEIC we are assessed on a regular basis to ensure that we are competent and capable of meeting the relevant technical and safety standards, codes of practice and rules of the schemes we are registered to.
We are also authorised to self-certify our work to the Local Building Control Body, which saves landlords and agents both time and money when undertaking work that requires notification under the Building Regulations.
We are compliant with NICEIC’s Platinum Promise which means that if you are not happy with the work that is done by us and NICEIC agree that it is deficient the scheme will help to put it right.
We have a wide experience working with estate agents and private landlords in London and Essex and have a deep understanding of their rental and property management needs.
We provide a full in-depth inspection to ensure all electrical equipment is installed and safe to use, and provide a comprehensive report detailing any remedial work that is required or recommended. We also provide a no-obligation quotation for the required works thus saving you time and resources in looking further to get a fault fixed.
Please see PDF below for an example of a complete EICR carried out by one of our NICEIC-certified engineers.