Gas Safety Certificate (CP12) Explained
- What is a gas safety inspection (GSI) and what to expect on the day of the Gas Safe visit?
- What does a gas safety certificate contain?
- Are GSIs legally required?
- What is a smoke alarm and where is it placed?
- What is a CO alarm and where is it placed?
- Are CO detectors and smoke alarms mandatory?
- Are carbon monoxide alarms a substitute for gas safety checks?
- Why choose Pyramid Solution South East for your CP12 gas safety inspection and record?
A Gas Safety Certificate is required by law for all rental properties in the UK where gas appliances are present. The landlords are generally responsible for making sure that gas fittings and flues are maintained in good order, and gas appliances and flues are checked for safety once in a period of 12 months. As proscribed by the HSE, they must also keep a record of the gas safety checks for at least two years and issue the latest certificate to existing tenants and any new tenants before they move in. A gas safety check will make sure gas fittings and appliances are safe to use.
Under the The Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 an annual gas safety check must be undertaken by a competent and registered with the Gas Safe Register engineer.
What is a gas safety inspection (GSI) and what to expect on the day of the Gas Safe visit?
A gas safety check, also known as gas safety inspection, involves a Gas Safe registered engineer inspecting your gas appliance and central heating systems that are gas fueled during which they check the appliance is working properly with the correct operating pressure. They also perform full system tests and ventilation checks to ensure regulations are met.
On the day of the gas safety visit the Gas Safe engineer will carry out the following:
• check all gas appliances for gas tightness
• standing and working pressure will be tested if test points are available
• burner pressure and gas rate will be checked against the manufacturers’ data plate
• checks on all necessary ventilation will be conducted
• flue flow will be tested to make sure combustion products are removed
• all flame failure devices will be checked for satisfactory operation
• appropriate checks will be made for physical stability, presence and effectiveness of stability brackets
• investigations for any evidence of unsafe operation will be made and reported
In preparation for the gas safety inspection, the person providing access should make sure:
• that the gas meter is accessible and free from any obstructions
• that all gas appliances are accessible and free from any obstructions
• no gas appliances should be running hot
• all gas appliances which will be checked must be in full working order
• if pay-as-you-go gas and electrical meters are present, they must have enough credit so that tests can be carried out
PLEASE ALSO NOTE that at present we will NOT be able to offer gas safety inspections for the below:
• Back boilers
• Warm air units
• Open-flue boilers
• Gas fires
What does a gas safety certificate contain?
A gas safety certificate or gas safety record, also referred to as CP12, as defined by the Gas Safe Register is:
The documentation an engineer leaves after having fitted, serviced or safety checked an appliance […] The only documentation required by law is a Landlord Gas Safety Record. It will detail exactly what checks the engineer has carried out and if the appliances checked meet the appropriate safety standards.
As per the Gas Safe Register’s guidance, at a minimum, the record needs to contain:
• A description and location of each appliance/flue checked
• Name, registration number and signature of the engineer who carried out the check
• Date on which the check was carried out
• The address of the property where the appliance/flue is installed
• The name and address of the landlord (or their agent where applicable)
• Any safety defect identified and any action required or taken to rectify it
• Confirmation of the results of the operational safety checks carried out on the appliances.
Are GSIs legally required?
Yes. Landlords are legally responsible for the safety of their tenants in relation to gas safety, which means that by law landlords must repair and maintain gas pipework, flues and appliances in safe condition and ensure an annual gas safety check on each appliance and flue has been undertaken. Before any new tenancy starts, landlords must make sure that these checks have been conducted within one year before the start of the start of tenancy. A Gas Safety Certificate is required by law for all rental properties in the UK where gas appliances are present and is valid for 12 months.
What is a smoke alarm and where is it placed?
Under The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015 landlords must install smoke alarms on every floor of their property, on which there is a room used wholly or partly as living accommodation. Smoke alarms must be tested at the start of every tenancy. Bathrooms and toilets are to be treated as rooms used as living accommodation.
Battery operated smoke alarms supplied by Pyramid Solution will be fitted with a 10-year battery. As a costlier alternative, we can also offer installation of mains-powered smoke alarms.
What is a CO alarm and where is it placed?
Under the same Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015 a carbon monoxide alarm, also referred to as CO detector, should be installed in any room of the premises which is used wholly or partly as living accommodation – including bathrooms and toilets, and contains a solid fuel burning combustion appliance. CO detector checks must be made by or on behalf of the landlord to ensure that each prescribed alarm is in proper working order on the day the tenancy begins if it is a new tenancy.
Landlords would also need to install carbon monoxide alarms in high risk rooms – such as those where a solid fuel heating system is installed.
Having in mind that at the same temperature as air carbon monoxide has similar density, but when it comes out of the burner and into the room carbon monoxide will be at a higher temperature and therefore rise toward the ceiling. For this reason, CO alarms should be installed a metre away from the appliance just above head height and away from windows and doors to outside. CO alarms should be audible and the batteries checked regularly.
If your tenants report an alarm going off, you must advise them to switch off any gas appliance that they are using, open the windows and vent the property, as the carbon monoxide detector must be in a carbon monoxide-free environment to reset itself. A competent gas engineer will then need to attend the property to investigate why the alarm has gone off.
The crucial thing to remember is that carbon monoxide is toxic and odourless. It is known as ‘the silent killer’ because you can’t see it, taste it or smell it. The best way to tell if it’s in your home is with an audible alarm.
CO Detectors supplied and fitted by Pyramid Solution come in sealed-in battery pack with 7-year shelf life and no need to replace the battery. As an alternative, we can also offer installation of mains-powered CO detectors.
Are CO detectors and smoke alarms mandatory?
Legislation states that CO Detectors are mandatory for solid fuel burning appliances, however Gas Safe Register guidelines recommend them for all gas appliances. Legislation states that they need to be checked at the start of every tenancy.
A smoke alarm must be installed on every floor of the property, on which there is a room used wholly or partly as living accommodation.
Local Authorities will also monitor and penalise properties that do not comply. Those who fail to install smoke and carbon monoxide alarms would face sanctions and could face up to a £5,000 civil penalty.
The Carbon Monoxide Incident Report 2011/12 found the risk associated with in properties with private landlords is more than three times greater than would be expected given the prevalence of such properties nationwide. This statistic only shows how important the provision of CO alarms is, and the new legislation is intended to redress this imbalance. Given the dangers of CO it is highly recommended for any responsible landlord to have CO alarms installed in all of their rented properties.
As the DCLC advised in its March 2015 press release, this requirement brings private rented properties in line with existing building regulations that already require newly-built homes to have hard-wired smoke alarms installed.
It is also in line with other measures the government has taken to improve standards in the private rented sector, without wrapping the industry up in red tape.
Are carbon monoxide alarms a substitute for gas safety checks?
As the HSE dictates, carbon monoxide alarms are a useful back-up precaution but must NOT be regarded as a substitute for proper installation and maintenance of gas equipment by a Gas Safe registered engineer. If you decide to buy a carbon monoxide alarm, ensure it meets current safety standards (BS EN 50291) and carries the Kitemark. If in doubt ask a member of staff for advice. Always follow the manufacturer’s siting instructions.
Why choose Pyramid Solution South East for your CP12 gas safety inspection and record?
We have extensive experience in providing gas inspection services to landlords, managing agents and private customers in London and Essex and fully understand the importance of a prompt, professional and efficient service. We hold all of the necessary accreditations and are fully covered by our indemnity and liability insurance.
We are Trust Mark approved; BAXI and Mains recognised installer. We work to Government Endorsed Standards for Gas Engineers, and our Gas Safe Registration Number is 557773.
Please see PDF below for an example of a complete GSI carried out by one of our Gas Register certified engineers